Thursday, July 21, 2011

Treating Equine Orthopedic Injuries with Stem Cells - full article

by: Erica Larson, News Editor
July 17 2011, Article # 18536

When it comes to treatment options for orthopedic injuries, some horse owners jump at the chance to give a new one a try. One such treatment option that has many owners excited is stem cell therapy. At the at the 2011 North American Veterinary Regenerative Medicine Conference held June 2-4 in Lexington, Ky., Larry Galuppo, DVM, Dipl. ACVS, professor and chief of equine surgery at the University of California (UC), Davis, William R. Pritchard Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, explained to horse owners how stem cells are currently being used to treat orthopedic injuries in horses, and how the cells might be used in the future.

The Basics

Galuppo began his presentation with a brief overview of how stem cells are collected and where they're harvested from:

* Bone marrow-derived stem cells (collected from the sternum or the hip);
* Adipose-derived stem cells (collected via an incision near the horse's tailhead); and
* Maternally-derived stem cells (collected from the umbilical cord blood and tissue).

Once the stem cells have been harvested, the aspirate (stem cells that have been collected) is proliferated until there are enough cells for a treatment (although there is not yet a hard and fast rule as to how many cells to use per treatment, many veterinarians use upwards of 10 million cells per injection), and the cells are either frozen and stored for future use or injected directly into the injured horse...

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Tuesday, July 19, 2011

Wounds 101 (Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention for Horses) - Full Article

by: Casey Gruber, DVM
May 01 2010, Article # 17623

Warmer weather means that horses are getting more turnout time. Unfortunately, with increased activity all horses are at a higher risk of sustaining traumatic lacerations or other wound types. Some might appear more serious than others. Often the wound might be hours, days, or even weeks old before it is observed. Complications frequently develop as older wounds heal, and this can significantly impact your horse's ability to recover.

Clinical Signs

Depending on the location of the wound, horses can develop a variety of clinical signs. Often, horses with a new wound are painful and nervous (care should be taken when handling these horses to prevent further injury to the horse, you, and others around you). Alternatively, horses that have suffered a significant amount of blood loss, or had a foreign object (such as a tree branch) penetrate their abdominal or thoracic body cavities, might appear dull and lethargic, exhibit signs of colic, or have difficulty breathing. A horse with a leg wound might be reluctant to walk or might show signs of lameness. If a horse suffers eye damage or his eyelid function is compromised, his vision might be impacted.


A horse that has sustained a serious wound should be considered a true emergency and you should consult your veterinarian immediately for guidance. Wounds potentially involving joints, tendons/ligaments, tendon sheaths, hoof capsules, body cavities, or eyes should be evaluated by a veterinarian immediately, as trauma to these areas can lead to severe problems and even threaten your horse's life.

The wound location, its duration (how old it is), and degree of tissue damage will influence your veterinarian's wound treatment recommendations...

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Sunday, July 03, 2011

Understanding Electrolyte Formulas - Full Article

by: Uckele Health and Nutrition
July 02 2011, Article # 18472

Proper electrolyte balance and hydration should be a main priority for horse owners. In stressful situations, such as travel, breeding, or heavy training, horses might not be taking in all the fluids they need. In some cases, feeding daily electrolytes is recommended for horses working in performance and endurance disciplines, pre- and post-event animal care, or with increased temperature or humidity, says Jack Grogan, CN, and chief science officer for Uckele Health & Nutrition.

Grogan explains that many effective electrolyte formulas contain balanced amounts of the major electrolytes sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and chloride: "Highly concentrated products offer the best advantage because smaller amounts can be utilized to give the greatest benefit."

He adds that these products often aid hard-working horses in maintaining mineral balance, maintaining the balance and flow of vital body fluids, transmitting nerve impulses, and maintaining healthy function of the muscles and the circulatory system...

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