Friday, November 29, 2019

Gastric Ulcers in Horses: Consensus Statement Statistics - Full Article

September 14, 2019
By Kentucky Equine Research Staff

Ulcers or erosions in the lining of the equine stomach are reportedly a common condition in performance animals. In racehorses, for example, ulcers are believed to occur in an estimated 50-90% of horses. Similarly, weanling foals have equally high rates of ulcers. Stress caused by changes in routine is thought to be an important contributor to the development of gastric ulcers.

“While some gastric ulcers can go undetected and seem not to bother certain horses, other horses show a variety of clinical signs, including colic, diarrhea, poor appetite, dull coat, decreased performance, and even behavior changes,” said Kathleen Crandell, Ph.D., an equine nutritionist for Kentucky Equine Research (KER)...

Read more here:

Saturday, November 23, 2019

Alfalfa or Grass Hay: Which Is Better for Winter Warmth? - Full Article

Our equine nutritionist weighs in on which type of hay best helps horses stay warm during cold nights.

Posted by Clair Thunes, PhD | Nov 18, 2019 |

Q.I’ve heard that alfalfa is a good hay choice at night for horses because it helps generate heat and keep them warm. Where I board my horse, the barn managers feed grass hay at night and told me that it keeps horses full longer. So, which is better for winter night feedings: grass or alfalfa hay?

—Julie, via e-mail

A.As we head toward the colder winter months, you’re not alone in wanting to make sure your horse stays warm overnight. When temperatures drop, feed requirements increase for your horse to consume enough calories to maintain condition. Staying warm requires calories beyond those needed for regular maintenance. Horses have different ways to regulate their body temperature depending on the ambient temperature, wind chill, and other climatic challenges they face...

Read more here:

Yellowjackets on the Trail - Full Article

This first hand account from American Trails contributor Lora Goerlich is a great reminder about why you need to be prepared for yellowjackets on the trail.

by Lora Goerlich

Yellowjackets – the aggressive wasps that emerge from ground or cavity nests ready to do battle at the slightest provocation. From August until the first frost, these battle-minded buggers are to be feared. Not only do they sting multiple times, but as they sting, they release a pheromone trail for their associates, leading straight to the target. Their more docile, relatives include honey and bumble bees, paper and mud dauber wasps, hornets and caricature mascots. Honey and bumble bees sport fuzzy bodies; they don’t typically attack unless they are heavily provoked. Hornets, mud dauber and paper wasps commonly build visible nests among tree branches or on building structures, they are easy to avoid. Clear identification is vital to the survival of the more passive pollinators whose population numbers are dwindling.

On the trail, lead riders unknowingly stir up trouble as their horse’s hooves hit the ground near buried hives creating a wake of mayhem for the riders in the rear...

Read more here:

Friday, November 22, 2019

Breaking Down the $5b to Solve the US Wild Horse Problem - Full Article

The acting head of the U.S. Bureau of Land Management has said it will take $5 billion and 15 years to control the wild horse population in the western US.

October 28, 2019

The acting head of the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, William Perry Pendley, has said it will take five billion dollars and 15 years control the overpopulation of wild horses on federal lands in the western United States. The current population of 88,000 mustangs and burros, the majority of which reside in Nevada, needs to be reduced to 27,000 ‒ a number the over-grazed ranges can reasonably sustain.

To kickstart the initiative, the Senate Appropriations Committee approved $35 million in September to support the implementation of a comprehensive package of humane and non-lethal management strategies for wild horses and burros on federal range lands. The effort is supported by a new coalition of animal welfare advocates and ranchers including the Humane Society of the United States, American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, National Cattlemen’s Beef Association and the American Farm Bureau Federation...

Read more here:

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Appaloosa horses gave Nez Percé advantage over US cavalry

Two Nez Percé men with an Appaloosa c. 1895 - Full Article

By JUSTIN SMITH For Farm & Ranch
November 20 2019

One of the reasons the Nez Percé warriors were so effective against the US cavalry during the legendary Nez Percé war lead by Chief Joseph was their distinctive horse, the Appaloosa. Named after the Palouse River, it was selectively bred by the Nez Percé for speed and endurance. Their beauty was a happy side effect of the breeding program.

While the US Army horses were primarily drawn from stock in the East and were ill-fit for the environment, the horses used by Native Americans in the West largely came from the Spanish horses brought into Mexico with partial lineages going back to Arabia. In the mid-17th century large Spanish herds were used around Santa Fe and Taos. The Spaniards attempted to keep the horses from the Native Americans, but escaped Indian slaves and stolen horses resulted in Apache and Navajo acquiring horses rapidly and putting their new equestrian skills to masterful use...

Read more here:

Home Off the Range: What the $35 Million Population Control Plan Means for America’s Wild Horses - Full Article

November 2 2019

Wild horses are an iconic feature of the American West, but now on Capitol Hill in Washington, DC, their future as a symbol of freedom on the frontier is threatened.
On September 23rd, the United States Senate Committee on Appropriations passed a Fiscal Year 2020 spending bill that includes a budget increase of $35 million for the Bureau of Land Management’s (BLM) Wild Horse and Burro Program.

It’s a contentious population control plan, involving large scale helicopter roundups and fertility management, that has animal welfare groups in fierce division. The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) told the Associated Press it was a historic win for horses while critics such as Animal Wellness Action call it a “poorly disguised path to slaughter...”

Read more here:

Monday, November 18, 2019

I Bought a Lame Horse: What Are My Legal Options? - Full Article

At Equine Legal Solutions, unhappy horse buyers contact us for legal advice, telling us, “I bought a horse – it seemed sound when I tried it out, but now that I have it at home IT IS LAME!! Can you help me??” Has this happened to YOU? If so, here is what we need to know to help determine what your legal options are.

Did You Have a Pre-Purchase Exam?

If the buyer had a pre-purchase examination (PPE), the veterinarian who performed the exam assessed the horse’s overall physical condition, which provides valuable data about its condition on the day of the exam. The buyer should have received a written report from the veterinarian, as well as copies of any diagnostic imaging and/or laboratory tests (such as drug screening) that were included in the exam. If the buyer did not receive these records, they should call the clinic and ask for copies. Because the buyer paid for the exam, the buyer owns the exam records, and in most states, the seller cannot obtain copies without the buyer’s permission. PPE reports vary greatly in formatting and content, but the most informative reports are very detailed and explain exactly what the veterinarian examined and what her findings were. Some PPE reports even include photos and/or video of any notable findings.

What the pre-purchase examination report says is critical...

Read more here:

Sunday, November 17, 2019

BLM’s Attempts to Solve the U.S. Wild Horse Problem - Full Article

What’s the US Bureau of Land Management’s plan to reduce the population of wild mustangs and burros to a number the over-grazed ranges can sustain?

By: Horse Media Group | 3 weeks ago


After repeated requests, the U.S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM) was unable to justify the originally quoted $5 billion cost to manage the wild mustangs and burros. As per publicly available information, BLM is currently spending $80 million on housing and caring for the horses and burros. A further $35 million has been requested, which could bring the total funding to $115 million per year, and $1.7 billion over 15 years.

The acting head of the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, William Perry Pendley, has said it will take $5 billion dollars and 15 years to control the overpopulation of wild horses on federal lands in the western United States. The current population of 88,000 mustangs and burros, the majority of which reside in Nevada, needs to be reduced to 27,000 ‒ a number the over-grazed ranges can reasonably sustain.

To kickstart the initiative, the Senate Appropriations Committee approved $35 million in September to support the implementation of a comprehensive package of humane and non-lethal management strategies for wild horses and burros on federal range lands. The effort is supported by a new coalition of animal welfare advocates and ranchers including the Humane Society of the United States, American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, National Cattlemen’s Beef Association and the American Farm Bureau Federation.

The funds are part of a $35.8 billion Interior Department appropriation bill which provides funding to address National Park maintenance backlogs and environmental and conservation programs, although it is not known when the full Senate will vote on the measure. The monies would be used to pay for additional staff to carry out roundups in densely-populated, for fertility control measures, and to move horses currently in short-term holding pens to larger, more humane pastures...

Read more at:

Horse Poop Powers Helsinki International Horse Show - Full Article

For the fifth year in-a-row, all the electricity used at the Helsinki International Horse Show was generated entirely from horse manure.

By: Horse Sport Ireland | 3 weeks ago

All the electricity used at the Helsinki International Horse Show, which hosted yesterday’s Longines FEI World Cup™ Show Jumping qualifier, was generated with horse manure. Over 150 megawatt hours of energy was created from the 100 tons of manure collected from competing horses during the four-day event in the Finnish capital.

Ireland was represented at the event by Tipperary’s Denis Lynch, Clare’s Eoin McMahon and Derry’s David Simpson with all of their competing horses contributing towards the unique ‘Horse Powered’ energy output.

The manure-to-energy system developed by Fortum, an international company specialising in electricity generation, heat production and waste recycling, met all the equestrian event’s electricity needs, including lighting, scoreboards and cell phone charging stations. The surplus energy that was generated went back into the national grid to heat homes in the Helsinki area.

What started off as a desk project in 2014 is now a resounding endorsement of the power of horse manure as a reliable source of renewable energy, not just at equestrian competitions but also for local communities...

Read more here:

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

Qatar: Inside the 'Hollywood' of horses, Al Shaqab is the essence of equine luxury - Full Article

By Matt Majendie, for CNN
Updated 5:27 AM ET, Mon November 11, 2019

(CNN)It has been described as the "Hollywood" of horses, and it's certainly a winner in the glamor stakes. But Qatar's Al Shaqab is more of a seven-star equine resort than a make-believe movie set.

The multi-million-dollar center on the outskirts of the capital Doha is Qatar's luxury launchpad into equine excellence, from elite show jumpers to Arabian show horses and endurance racers. It is also helping to spawn the highly successful thoroughbred horse racing operation now predominantly based in France under the same name.

The stunning complex has been built in the shape of a horseshoe around an old Ottoman stable and fort. It serves to promote both Qatar's rich heritage with Arabian horses, and set the "highest standards in horse welfare, breeding, equine education and research," according to its website.

The facilities include a breeding center and stabling for more than 400 horses, a state-of-the-art equine hospital, indoor and outdoor performance arenas as well as an air-conditioned hydrotherapy and exercise unit complete with walking carousel, a circular swimming pool akin to a lazy river and a therapeutic spray bath like an equine Jacuzzi. Huge heat lamps dry the horses after their dips...

Read more here:

5 Steps to Prevent Trailer Theft - Full Article

Don't leave your rig at a trailhead without taking these proven trailer-theft-prevention steps from our panel of experts and on-the-go trail riders.


It's a familiar scenario. You and your horse have been out on the trail for hours, riding up hills, wading in streams, and trotting through gulleys. When the day is nearly over and the two of you are getting tired, you start back to the trailhead. You get to your trailer, untack your horse, load him up, and head home.

Now imagine that same scenario—but when you get back to the trailhead, your trailer is gone! Your truck is still there, but your trailer is nowhere to be found.

If this seems like a horrifying development, it is. Not only are you and your tired and hungry horse stranded, but your valuable trailer and everything in it are in the hands of a thief.

Every year, horse trailers are stolen right off towing vehicles, some from trailheads. In fact, trailheads are a good place for thieves to look for trailers, since they're often in remote areas with no one around to witness the theft...

Read more here:

Monday, November 11, 2019

How to Get a Horse’s Coat to Dapple - Full Article

A dappled coat has long been a sign of optimum equine health and good nutrition, but the reality behind dappling is more complicated. Our equine nutritionist offers advice on bringing out the bloom in your horse’s coat.

Posted by Clair Thunes, PhD | Nov 4, 2019

Q.Earlier this year I purchased a mare who had a dull coat and needed to gain weight. After several months she now looks amazing and has developed beautiful dapples. I’ve always heard dapples are related to diet, specifically fat. However, I don’t feed her that differently than my other horses, and they don’t have dapples. Why do some horses get dapples and some don’t?

A.Dapples on nongray horses are interesting. These irregular spots where the coat appears as a slightly different shade are seen on some horses but not others. Horses might only get them at certain times of the year. In the winter some horses have them, but when you clip them the dapples disappear. And as you have observed, dapples often appear to be condition-dependent. Traditionally, they are thought to be a sign of good health, so that would somewhat explain the condition connection...

Read more here:

Sunday, November 10, 2019

Arthur B. King, DVM Breaks Down the Endurance Vet Check - Full Article

6 November 2019

An endurance race can last from sunup to sundown, with horses traveling up to 160km in a single day. Amongst the throng of horses, athletes, grooms and crew members constantly milling about race headquarters, there’s one figure who’s always easy to find in the crowd: the veterinarian.

In addition to a pre- and post-inspection, FEI endurance races include at least one compulsory hold of 40 minutes with an additional vet check. Arthur B. King, DVM of Fort Erie, ON, is an FEI 3* Endurance Official Veterinarian and 3* Endurance Veterinary Treatment Official, and he took us through what goes on behind the scenes to keep horses healthy throughout the day of competition.

Read on to get the inside scoop from Arthur!

Equestrian Canada: What are the components of an endurance vet check?

Arthur King: It’s very simple, really. The main thing is to make sure the horse is reasonably sound. It’s just like marathon runners: If you watch them, a lot of them have odd ways of going and part of it is the way they’re put together – confirmation as opposed to an unsoundness that’s painful. But if the horse has a consistent gate aberration, something abnormal that they didn’t start with, then it gets eliminated.

The other important thing is to make sure that the horse is metabolically stable, so if it’s eating alright and that its heart rate is coming down. Obviously, horses have a high heart rate when they’re on the trail, but when they come into the vet check they should recover down to 64bpm in a matter of minutes and probably 48bpm or less by the time they’re going out on the trail again...

Read more here:

Friday, November 01, 2019

Animal Therapy in an Israeli-Arab Town: No Horsing Around - Full Article

Riding at the first therapeutic school in an Arab town

November 1 2019

n a recent afternoon, a herd of cattle ambled across a field while inside a riding area, several children – including those with various physical and mental challenges – rode horses at the first therapeutic riding school in an Israeli-Arab town.

The Hurodj Horse Farm in Jadeidi-Makr, a few kilometers east of Acre in the Western Galilee, is a family-run business, owned and operated by Muhammad Hudroj and his wife, Gihan. The family opened the horse farm in 1999 and introduced the therapeutic riding program 10 years later. The program, which is covered by the National Health Insurance system, draws both Jewish and Arab children from the surrounding areas – some who come for therapeutic riding, and others who train for competitions and horse shows.

Hudroj, 44, has been fascinated by horses since he was a young boy growing up in Acre. His father refused to buy him a horse, but a cousin granted Hudroj’s wish and gifted him his first horse.

Hudroj loved riding his horse so much that he sometimes skipped school to go to horse races and shows. He eventually become a top champion of riding Arabian horses in Israel.

In a recent interview at his horse farm, Hudroj said there was never a time that he was not with a horse. He still rides and trains with one of his sons, 13-year-old Tarik, for endurance riding – a trek in which riders travel 80 kilometers on horseback. Hudroj hopes that they will soon go to Europe to do a 160-km. endurance ride...

Read more here: